<<Journal Articles

Kim, Y. C. & Ball-Rokeach, S. J. (2006). Community storytelling network, neighborhood context, and neighborhood engagement: A multilevel approach. Human Communication Research, 32 (3), 411-439.


From a communication infrastructure theory perspective, the current study examined individuals’ civic engagement (neighborhood belonging, collective efficacy, and civic participation) as influenced by 2 multilevel components of the communication infrastructure—an integrated connection to a storytelling network (ICSN) and the residential context—focusing on ethnic heterogeneity and residential stability. Our multilevel analyses show that ICSN is the most important individual-level factor in civic engagement—neighborhood belonging, collective efficacy, and civic participation—after controlling for other individual-level and neighborhood-level factors. In both ethnically homogeneous and heterogeneous areas and in both stable and unstable areas, ICSN is an important factor in civic engagement. As contextual factors, residential stability positively affects neighborhood belonging and collective efficacy, and ethnic heterogeneity is negatively related to collective efficacy. Our data do not show any direct contextual effects of residential stability or ethnic heterogeneity on civic participation. However, our HLM analysis showed that the relative importance of ICSN for the likelihood of participation in civic activities is significantly higher in unstable or ethnically heterogeneous areas than in stable or ethnically homogeneous areas.

Kim, Y. C., Jung J. & Ball-Rokeach, S. J. (2006). Geo-ethnicity and civic engagement: From a communication infrastructure perspective. Political Communication, 23 (3).


This article introduces the concept of “geo-ethnicity”—ethnically articulated attitudes and behaviors grounded in a specific temporal and spatial situation. Based upon survey data gathered in seven “geo-ethnic” communities, we demonstrate a unique effect of geo-ethnicity on individuals’ neighborhood engagement. We analyze two types of cross-sectional comparisons: a comparison of different ethnic groups in the same Los Angeles area and comparisons of the same ethnic group across different locations in Los Angeles County. To highlight the unique effect of geo-ethnicity, socioeconomic status, immigration history, residential tenure, and home ownership are held constant for all analyses. The implications of the results are discussed from a communication infrastructure perspective.

Kim, Y. C. & Ball-Rokeach, S. J. (2006). Civic engagement from a communication infrastructure Perspective. Communication Theory, 16, 1-25.


The purpose of this study is to articulate the concepts and assumptions of communication infrastructure theory (CIT) in its present stage of development and validation. As an ecological approach to communication and community, CIT claims that access to storytelling community resources is a critical factor in civic engagement. When embedded in a neighborhood environment where key community storytellers encourage each other to talk about the neighborhood, individual residents are more likely to belong to their community, to have a strong sense of collective efficacy, and to participate in civic actions. CIT framework offers a way to examine the ecological processes that concern the effects of communication resources on civic community.

Kim, Y. C. & Kim, K.-S. (2006). Online storytellers: Bloggers in South Korea. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 7 (1), 9-16. Link

The purpose of this article is to discuss why online civic storytelling has been so influential in the Korean media and political environments. Rather than reverting to a technologically deterministic explanation (saying, for example, “the Internet offers technological capabilities to act in ways that were impossible with other old media”) or socially deterministic ones (solely based on such concepts as social capital or political efficacy), we argue that the combined effect of technological and socio-political factors can explain the unique experience of Korean online storytellers. We first demonstrate how Korean bloggers or “netizens” (a popular word in Korea to refer to active Internet users) have influenced the media and political environments. Then, we discuss three types of important online storytellers in Korea: citizen reporters (or shi-min-ki-ja); amateur columnists (or non-gaek); and active, online news-readers (or daet-kul) who regularly share their comments on articles in the mainstream news media. Lastly, we examine the socio-political, historical, and technological backgrounds that have contributed to building this unique, online civic environment in Korea.

Jung, J.-Y., Kim, Y.-C., Lin, W.-Y., & Cheong, P. H. (2005). The influence of social environment on internet connectedness of adolescents in Seoul, Singapore and Taipei. New Media & Society, 7(1), 64-88.


This paper examines the influence of the social environment on adolescents' connectedness to the Internet in East Asia, one of the most wired regions in the world. Connectedness is a qualitative conceptualization of an individual's relationship with the Internet, taking into consideration the breadth, depth, and the importance of individuals' Internet experience. This study seeks to situate adolescents' Internet connectedness in three spheres of social environment: (1) the general social support measured by how easy it is to get help when adolescents encounter problems in using the Internet; (2) the parents, where we examine parents' socioeconomic status and their Internet use; and (3) the peer group, where we look into the proportion of friends who connect to the Internet.The results from a survey of 1,303 adolescents in Seoul, Singapore and Taipei support our major hypothesis that among the Internet-using adolescents, their Internet connectedness patterns differ by the nature of their social environments.

Kim, Y. C., Jung, J., Cohen, E. & Ball-Rokeach, S. (2004). Internet connectedness before and after September 11, 2001. New Media & Society, 6 (5).


Based on survey data gathered before and after September 11, 2001, this study examines the relationship between "Internet connectedness" and communicative actions after September 11, 2001. The study found that (1) people heightened their dependency relations with traditional mass media after September 11th regardless of whether or not they had an Internet connection; (2) "Internet high-connectors" intensified their Internet connections while "Internet low-connectors" decreased the intensity of their Internet connections; and (3) Internet high-connectors participated in a broader range of civic activities in response to September 11th than Internet low- and non-connectors did.

Cohen, E., Ball-Rokeach, S. J., Jung, J., & Kim, Y. C. (2002). Civic actions after September 11th: Exploring the role of multilevel storytelling. Prometheus, 20 (3), 221-228.


Interpersonal and media storytelling were crucial to information dissemination about the September 11thtragedies. The storytelling processes through which urban residents are transformed into members of a broader community is illustrated by their connections to media and their participation in neighborhood discussions and community organizations after September 11th. This study demonstrates how a communication infrastructure approach contributes to understanding participation in civil society after September 11th.

Ball-Rokeach, S. J., Kim, Y. C., & Matei, S. (2001). Storytelling neighborhood: Paths to belonging in diverse urban environments. Communication Research, 28 (4), 392-428.


In this paper, we develop and test a storytelling model of belonging among dwellers of urban residential environments. Storytelling neighborhood, the communication process through which neighborhood discussion transforms people from occupants of a house to members of a neighborhood, is proposed as an essential component of people's paths to belonging and attachment to a residential area that is evidenced in everyday exchange behaviors.We employ a multimethod research design of seven residential areas in Los Angeles, a representative urban metropolis, through the use of multiethnic and multilingual data collection to discover the relevant factors that determine belonging. A Storytelling Neighborhood Model that posits storytelling as an intervening variable between residential location and belonging is proposed and tested. Overall, the single most important factor in creating belonging was found to be people talking with each other about their neighborhoods storytelling neighborhood which was a stronger factor than residential income, tenure, or area resources; providing confirmatory support for the model. Theoretical, methodological, and policy-making implications are discussed.

Jung, J., Qiu, J., & Kim, Y. C. (2001). Internet connectedness and inequality: Beyond the digital divide. Communication Research, 28 (4), 507-535.


This paper presents the Internet Connectedness Index (ICI), a measure for monitoring long-term inequalities in the quality of Internet connections among users, especially in terms of whether Internet connections will enhance the chances of people's upward mobility. This index is preferable to more established digital divide measures (e.g., gadgetry ownership or time online) for research on how the Internet is being incorporated into a world of structural inequalities. The ICI utilizes conventional time, history, and context measures, but goes beyond them to capture the scope and centrality of Internet incorporation into the everyday lives of diverse social groups. The validity and robustness of ICI vis-a-vis conventional ownership and time online measures are demonstrated in this manuscript. In addition, we discuss theoretical, methodological and policy implications based on our results. The analytical data is drawn from the Communication Technology and Community Program's "Metamorphosis" Project, an inquiry into the communication infrastructures of seven ethnically-marked residential areas in Los Angeles.

Kim, Y. C. (1991). The legitimation structure of Yong Bi O Chon Ga: A discourse analysis. Communication, Society, & Culture, 1, 240-270. (Written in Korean)

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<<Book Chapters

Jung, J.-Y., Ball-Rokeach, S. J., Kim, Y.C. & Matei, S. (forthcoming). Network and community. In Mansell, R., Ciborra, C., & Quah, D. (eds.). Oxford handbook on information & communication technology. Oxford University Press.

Gibbs, J., Ball-Rokeach, S. J., Jung, J., Kim, Y. C., & Qiu, J. (2004). The globalization of everyday life: Visions and reality. In M. Sturken, D. Thomas, & S. J. Ball-Rokeach (Eds.). Reinvention of technology: Cultural narratives of technological change. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Cohen, E. L., Ball-Rokeach, S. J., Jung, J., & Kim, Y. C. (2003). Civic actions after September 11th: A communication infrastructure perspective. In. M. Noll (ed.). Crisis Communications: Lessen from September 11th (pp. 31-44). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Kim, Y. C., Ball-Rokeach, S. J., Cohen, E. L., & Jung, J. (2002). Metamorphosis of civic action: From local storytelling to national action. In B. Greenberg (ed.). Communication and terrorism. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

Kim, Y. C., & Jung, J. (2002). Digital divide in a high Internet penetration society: Multi-dimensional examination of adolescents' Internet connectedness in Seoul, Singapore and Taipei. in J. Hwang, J. Yu, & J. Lee (Eds.), The digital divide of the youth (pp.219-247). Seoul, Korea: Korea Institute for Youth Development.

Kim, Y. C. (2001). Excellence in organizational culture: An audit of a Korean multinational corporation. In D. P. Cushman, & S. S. King (Eds.). Excellence in organizational performance (pp. 57-80). Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

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<<Book Review

Kim, Y. C. (2006). Sustaining urban networks: The social diffusion of larger technical systems. New York: Routledge by Coutard, O., Hanley, R. E. & Zimmerman, R. New Media & Society, 8, 521-524.

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Kim, Y. C., Lee, J., S-H., Cho & S-H, Han (2006). Community Relations: Hyundai Motors and Montgomery Communities.

Kim, Y. C. & Ball-Rokeach, S, J. (2004). Community and Market: A Survey of Korean-Americans in Southern California. Los Angeles: Korea Central Daily.

Lee, S., & Kim, Y. (1994). Factors of cable television adoption in Korea, Seoul: Kumkang Communications.

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<<Manuscripts in Revision

Kim, Y. C., Jung, J., & Ball-Rokeach, S. J. (In Revision). Ethnicity, place, and communication technology: Geo-ethnic effects on multidimensional Internet connectedness in various urban communities. Communication Research.

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<<Manuscripts under Review

Kim, Y. C., Cheong, P., Jung, J., & Lin, W. (Under Review). Internet connectedness and reproduction of social inequalities: A structural model. Information Society.

Lin, Y., Kim, Y. C., Jung, J.-Y. & Cheong, P. H. (Under Review). The Internet and civic engagement of youth: A case of East Asian Cities. Political Communication.

Kim, K. S. & Kim, Y. C. (Under Review). New and old media uses and political
engagement among Korean adolescents: An ecological perspective. Asia Journal of Communication.

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<<Manuscripts In Process

Kim, Y. C. (in preparation). Trust in local media and political participation: A moderating role of integrated connection to community communication resources. In preparation for submission to Mass Communication and Society.

Kim, Y. C. (in preparation). Storytelling network, neighborhood characteristics, and civic engagement among Korean immigrants in Los Angeles. In preparation for submission to Political Communication

Kim, Y. C. & Carpenter, C. (in preparation). Connecting to multiple local places: Internet connectedness and community connectedness of college students as ¡°hybrid¡± migrants. In preparation for submission to New Media & Society.

Kim, Y. C., Ahn, S. K., Woo, C. W., Kim, K. S., & Ahn, D. H. (in preparation). Social capital and participation in networked website. In preparation for submission to Journal of Computer Mediated Communication.

Kim, Y. C., Kang, J. & Ahn, S. K. (in preparation). Community based approach to health literacy: Assessing a Health Information and Communication Competence measure (CICC). In preparation for submission to Health Communication

Kim, Y. C. & Kang, J. (in preparation). Community attachment and disaster preparedness. In preparation for submission to The Southern Communication Journal.

Kim, K. S. & Kim, Y. C. (in preparation). New and old media uses and political engagement among Korean adolescents: An ecological perspective. In preparation for submission to Asian Journal of Communication.

Cho, S. H. & Kim, Y.C. (In preparation). Public responses to negative news about ¡°socially responsible¡± local private organizations. In preparation for submission to Journal of Public Relations Research

Kim, Y. C. (In preparation). Internet connectedness and civic engagement. In preparation for submission to Political Communication

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<<White Papers

Ball-Rokeach, S. J., Kim, Y. C., Loges, W. H., & Jung, J. (2002). The well-connected community: A New tool for planning to use the Internet to build community. Communication Technology and Community Program. Annenberg School for Communication, University of Southern California.

Ball-Rokeach, S. J., Kim, Y. C., & Matei, S. (2001). Community storytelling, storytelling community: Paths to belonging in diverse Los Angeles residential areas. Communication Technology and Community Program. Annenberg School for Communication, University of Southern California. Released on June, 12, 2001.

Ball-Rokeach, S.J., Gibbs, J., Jung, J., Kim, Y. C., & Qiu, L.J. (2000). Globalization of everyday life: Visions and reality. Communication Technology and Community Program, Annenberg School for Communication, University of Southern California.

<<Newspaper & Magazine Articles

Kim, Y. (2004). Internet broadcasting. Trend (Korean Broadcasting Institute), 190.

Kim, Y. C., & Jung, J. (2001, July 23). Building a civic community in Los Angeles Koreatown in the new millennium. Korea Central Daily, 3.

Kim, Y. C., & Jung, J. (1999, December 31). Survey on media use, fears of Y2K bugs, and intention for preventive actions. Online Journalism Review. Available at: http://www.ojr.org/ojr/business/1017966428.php

Kim, Y. C. (1996). Developing a survival plan: Framebreaking leadership underlies future success for the E-Land. Focus on Change Management, 26, 44-50.

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